How to Cultivate Seedless Watermelon

Watermelon is one annual fruit that is easily cultivated, with a process of reproduction that is relatively fast because it is only 6 months old. The fruit that grows by propagating is a type of herbaceous plant originating from Africa, and can grow well in tropical and subtropical regions. Watermelon has its own charm because the fruit is fresh and sweet. And with a fairly easy cultivation process, many farmers are interested in cultivating this red-fleshed fruit. Not only that, this watermelon is also always developed to get the best varieties.
Seedless Watermelon Cultivation
The main reason for watermelon cultivation is to be used as fresh fruit. And to make it more delicious, watermelon fruit is developed into seedless watermelon or called seedless watermelon. This latest watermelon variety was developed from crossing between male diploid watermelon and female tetraploid watermelon. This seedless watermelon basically has complete male and female flowers, but the seeds are not formed due to the infertility of the ovule and stamens. So if the seeds are still found in the fruit, it is not a seeding error, but because of an error or excess fertilizer.
Seedless Watermelon Cultivation Technique
The technique of seedless watermelon cultivation, basically almost the same as the watermelon seed cultivation. Even to cultivate seedless watermelons, we also have to plant watermelon seeds next to it, this is intended as a source of pollinators. And the stages that must be passed to cultivate seedless watermelons are as follows:
1. Nursery process.
• Seed selection
Seedless watermelon cultivation is done using seeds. In the selection of seeds, there are several conditions that are filled, namely the shape of the watermelon must be perfectly round, not wrinkled and does not float when soaked. After the seeds are ready, the watermelon seed ends are cut first to facilitate the growth process. Then the seeds were soaked in warm water at a temperature of 20-25 ° C which had previously been mixed with functionides and bactericides in a ratio of 2ml per liter of water. Soak the seeds in water for 30 minutes, set aside.
• Seed seeding
Before the seeds are planted, the seedlings are sown first. The stages are as follows:
 Insert the seeds into a towel, then fold.
 Insert the towel containing the seedlings into a jar that has been coated with sand and wet newspaper.
 To be warmer, provide lighting on top of a jar with 15 watt incandescent light with a distance of 10 cm above the bundled cloth.
 Control seedlings every 4-6 hours, to find out the humidity, if the seed condition is dry then spray a little water using a hand sprayer. and do this ripening for 1-2 days.
 Prepare a small polybag measuring 12x12 cm. Fill polybags with planting media which is a mixture of soil and manure in a ratio of 1: 1.
 After the seedlings have been finished, then put the watermelon seeds into a polybag with a depth of 1.5 cm. Cover the tubang with fine soil and husk ash in a ratio of 2: 1. Next cover with a burlap sack and let stand for 2-3 days.
• Seedling maintenance
Seedling maintenance is carried out by watering regularly to maintain seed moisture, in addition to watering also need to be fertilized by using compost or leaf fertilizer which has been mixed with function to encourage seedling development every 3 days. And for nursery seedlings that are still young in the morning, place it in a sun-exposed place until 9:00 am to maintain its growth. After the seeds are 12-14 days old and have 2-3 leaves, the seedless watermelon seeds are ready to be moved in the prepared planting area.
2. Land preparation
The next stage that must be prepared is the planting area. The condition of land suitable for planting watermelon is loose soil, slightly sandy and rich in organic matter. For this reason, land clearing needs to be prepared in advance. If the land is a former garden, the land must be cleaned first, whereas if you want to plant this watermelon in the rice field area, the soil must be dried and cleaned from the former crop.
• Formation of beds
For watermelon cultivation, beds are really needed to facilitate water coming out through the drainage channels. For a maximum length of 12-15 meters, 30-50 cm in height and 30-50 cm in trench width. As for the width of this bed depends on the cultivation technique used. If you do watermelon planting with a turus system, the width of the bendengan ranges from 100-110 meters, for a planting system without a row, then the width of the bend is around 200 cm. and 400 cm for the width of the tub without a 2-row crop.
• Soil processing
After the land is ready, then smooth it

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