Ausubel's Theory of Education

Ausubel's Theory of Education - Educational Psychology applied by Ausubel is working to find meaningful learning laws, following the meaningful learning concept of David Ausubel.

The Ausubel theory argues that learning discovery is important, but in some situations inefficient, it emphasizes the central teacher, so Ausubel is less emphasizing active learning. The emphasis is on the expository. Ausubel emphasizes meaningful verbal instruction. According to Ausubel Theory, every science has a structure of concepts that form the basis of information systems science. All concepts relate to each other (organizer).

The conceptual structure of each field can be identified and taught to all students and becomes their information process system called the intellectual map. This intellectual map can be used to analyze a particular domain and to solve problems that are closely related to the activity of that domain. Learning is to match the concepts in a subject into the system it possesses to then be its own and useful to it. 

The Ausubel theory pays great attention to students in school, taking into account / emphasizing the meaningful elements of learning through language (meaningful verbal learning). Meaningfulness is defined as a combination of verbal information, concepts, rules and principles, when reviewed together. Therefore learning by rote achievement alone is not considered to be meaningful learning. Thus, according to Ausubel Theory, the learning process of students to produce something meaningful, not necessarily the students find themselves all. 

Obtaining information is an important learning objective and in some cases can lead teachers to convey information to students. In this case the teacher is responsible for organizing and presenting what needs to be learned by the students, while the role of the students here is mastered which is delivered by the teacher. Learning is said to be meaningful (meaningful learning) proposed by Ausubel is when the information will be learned learners arranged in accordance with the cognitive structure of the learners so that learners are able to associate new information with the cognitive structure it has.

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The two conditions for the material being studied are assimilated and linked to the previous knowledge. The material is potentially meaningful and chosen by the teacher and should be appropriate to the level of development and knowledge of the past of the learner. Given in meaningful learning situations, motivational factors play an important role in this, because learners will not assimilate the new material if they have no desire and knowledge of how to do it. So this needs to be arranged by the teacher, so that the material is not learned by rote. The main factors that influence meaningful learning according to Ausubel Theory are the existing cognitive structures, the stability and clarity of knowledge in a particular field of study and at any given time. 

A person learns by associating a new phenomenon into the scheme he has had. In the process students construct what they learn and emphasize the learner associate new experiences, phenomena, and facts into the system of understanding that he has.

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